Information for Parents

Phonics and Spelling

Phonics is the primary method used to teach children to read and write. Every child in KS1 attends a daily 20 minutes phonics session teaching systematic synthetic phonics. Phonics allows them to learn the letter sounds in a clearly defined sequence with increasing difficulty. They will learn to blend (put together) the sounds in a word in order to read it,and segment (split up) the sounds in order to spell it. At Middleforth we follow the Government recommended scheme of Letters and Sounds which is based on six phases. We use lots of different resources to support the children's learning in school, such as Espresso Phonics, Phonics Bug, Read Write Inc and many other practical resources. An outline of expected learning in spelling in KS1 can be found in the National Curriculum (see below)


At Middleforth we try to promote a love of reading. We use a reading scheme that links closely with the teaching of systematic synthetic phonics, with a mixture of Oxford Reading Tree and Phonics Bug books. Children are encouraged to read at home and in school; taking part in a weekly guided reading session, reading on a one-to-one basis with staff and parent helpers, and visiting the library each Friday to take out a sharing book. We also have a book corner in the classroom which the children can visit to look at books and retell or act out stories using puppets and story stones. 

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